MACEDONIA

MACEDONIA, region of southeastern Europe where Alexander the Great was born. As a result of the latter's conquests and subsequent Greek rule in Palestine, the Hebrew term "Javan" as it appears in the Bible was generally translated by the rabbis "Macedonia" (cf. Targum Pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. 10:2; Yoma 10a). Although the origins of a Jewish community in Macedonia are unknown, it is certain that such a colony existed toward the end of the Second Temple period. Philo, in the list of Jewish communities quoted from the correspondence of Agrippa I to Caligula, refers also to the Jews of Macedonia (The Embassy to Gaius, 281). Moreover, the fact that Paul and his followers made a number of journeys to Macedonia, and that their doctrines were readily accepted there, tends to substantiate the existence of a Jewish colony (cf. Acts 16:9; 18:5; 20:1; I Cor. 16:5; II Cor. 1:16; 2:13; 7:5). Josephus, in describing the Jewish community of Alexandria, claims that the Jewish residents there were granted the right to be called "Macedonians" (Wars 2:487–88; Ant. 12:8; Apion 2:35). However, papyrological research has shown that the phrase "Macedonian" eventually lost its original ethnic significance, and is in fact a designation of specific military status. For later periods see also bulgaria ; byzantine empire ; greece ; yugoslavia . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 5; Juster, Juifs, 1 (1914), 187. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Macedonia —   Macedonia (region) (approximate extent)   Republic of Macedonia …   Wikipedia

  • Macedonia — puede referirse a alguno de los siguientes términos: Terminología Terminología de Macedonia, explicación de la aplicación del nombre y de la disputa por éste entre Grecia y la República de Macedonia. Lugares Balcanes (Europa) Región de Macedonia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Macedonia — ist der Name von Macedonia (Provinz), Provinz des römischen Reiches, siehe hierzu Makedonien bzw. Römische Provinz Macedonia (Ohio), Stadt im Bundesstaat Ohio in den USA, Macedonia (Iowa), Stadt im Bundesstaat Iowa in den USA, Macedonia (Alabama) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Macedonia — Macedonia, OH U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 9224 Housing Units (2000): 3359 Land area (2000): 9.675574 sq. miles (25.059621 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.037629 sq. miles (0.097458 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.713203 sq. miles (25.157079 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Macedonia — (Каламакион,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Kalamaki , Каламакион, 29100, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • Macedonia, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 291 Housing Units (2000): 141 Land area (2000): 2.213776 sq. miles (5.733654 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.213776 sq. miles (5.733654 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Macedonia, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 325 Housing Units (2000): 137 Land area (2000): 0.341407 sq. miles (0.884241 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.341407 sq. miles (0.884241 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Macedonia, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 51 Housing Units (2000): 24 Land area (2000): 0.270736 sq. miles (0.701204 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.270736 sq. miles (0.701204 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Macedonia, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 9224 Housing Units (2000): 3359 Land area (2000): 9.675574 sq. miles (25.059621 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.037629 sq. miles (0.097458 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.713203 sq. miles (25.157079 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Macedonia — [mas΄ə dō′nē ə, mas΄ədōn′yə] 1. ancient kingdom in SE Europe: now a region divided among Greece, the country of Macedonia, & Bulgaria 2. country in the Balkan Peninsula: formerly (1946 91) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia: 9,928 sq mi (25,713 …   English World dictionary


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